10 Most Important FAQs of Class 10th Biology Chapter 1

8 Marks

Q1. What is the Cardiac Cycle? Explain the steps involved in it?



The cardiac cycle is a critical process that occurs in the heart, involving a series of steps that allow blood to be pumped throughout the body. This process includes both contraction and relaxation phases of the heart’s chambers. In this explanation, we will break down the different stages of the cardiac cycle, using simple and easy-to-understand language.

The Cardiac Cycle Defined

  1. Definition: The cardiac cycle refers to a sequence that includes the heart’s contractions and relaxation.
  2. One Cycle: It consists of one contraction and one relaxation of the heart’s atrium and ventricle.
  3. Terminology: The relaxation phase is called diastole, and the contraction phase is called systole.

First Diastole Phase

  1. Starting Point: The cycle begins with all four chambers of the heart in a relaxed state.
  2. What Happens: Nothing, this phase sets the stage for the rest of the cycle.

First Systole Phase

  1. Blood Entry: Blood enters the right atrium from the venacava and the left atrium from the pulmonary vein.
  2. Atria Contraction: The atria then contract, forcing blood into the ventricles.

Second Diastole Phase

  1. Atrium Relaxation: The atrium relaxes, and the ventricles fill with blood.
  2. Atrio-Ventricular Aperture Closure: A valve between the atria and ventricles closes to prevent blood from flowing backward.
  3. Ventricle Contraction: The ventricles contract and blood moves to the aorta and pulmonary artery.
  4. LUB Sound: When the valve is forcefully closed, a sharp sound known as “LUB” is heard.

Second Systole Phase

  1. Blood Movement: Blood continues to move from the ventricles to the arteries.
  2. Ventricle Relaxation: The ventricles relax, reducing pressure inside them.
  3. Valve Closure: A valve between the blood vessels and ventricles closes, preventing blood from moving backward.
  4. DUB Sound: Another sound called “DUB” is heard when this valve closes.


The cardiac cycle is a continuous process involving the heart’s chambers’ contraction and relaxation, crucial for blood circulation. It consists of two main phases, diastole and systole, and is marked by two distinct sounds, “LUB” and “DUB.” This comprehensive explanation aims to simplify complex concepts and is optimized for search engines to help students and readers access valuable educational content.

Q2. What is transport system? How does this helps to the organism? (OR) Give the necessity of transport system in the living organism.

Understanding the Transport System in Living Organisms

The transport system in living organisms is a vital process that ensures the proper functioning of the body. This system manages the movement of various substances within the body, including nutrients, gases, and hormones. In this explanation, we’ll explore what the transport system is, how it functions, and why it is necessary for the survival of living organisms.

Definition of Transport System

What It Is: The transport system involves the movement of various substances within the body. This is not just limited to human beings but applies to many living organisms, including plants and animals. For example, the human circulatory system and the xylem and phloem in plants are types of transport systems.

Importance of the Transport System

Essential Life Process: The transport system is vital for life, as it handles several key functions.

Transportation of Nutrients and Gases: It moves nutrients, gases, and other elements required for growth and maintenance.

Removal of Waste Material: The system helps in the elimination of waste material from the body.

Transportation of Hormones: Hormones are transported, which helps in controlling and coordinating the body’s functions.

Maintains Body Temperature: The transport system plays a role in keeping the body temperature stable.

Immune Response: It is crucial for the immune response, helping in defending the body against pathogens and diseases.

Transportation in Detail

How It Works: Transportation refers to moving substances from where they are produced to where they are needed within the body. It’s like a delivery system that ensures that the right materials reach the right places at the right time. This involves different mechanisms such as passive and active transport. In simpler organisms like bacteria, these mechanisms can be quite different compared to those in complex organisms like mammals.

Consequences of Failure

Disease or Death: If the transport system fails, it can lead to diseases or even death. For example, cardiovascular diseases in humans or wilt in plants can be consequences of a malfunctioning transport system. This underscores its importance in maintaining the health and well-being of an organism.


The transport system in living organisms is a complex and vital mechanism that ensures the proper delivery and removal of substances within the body. It performs functions essential for growth, maintenance, waste removal, hormone transportation, temperature regulation, and immune response. A failure in this system can have severe consequences, including diseases or death. Understanding the transport system’s role is crucial for grasping how organisms function and thrive, offering valuable insights for students and readers interested in biology and human physiology.

For Dummies
Imagine your body is like a big village. In this village, there's a special team called the Transport Team. Their job is very important. They carry food, air, and special messages from one place to another, just like delivery people.

These delivery people take food from the farm (your stomach) to all the houses (cells) in the village. They also pick up trash (waste) from the houses and throw it away. They even carry important letters (hormones) that tell people in the village what to do.

This Transport Team keeps the village running well. If they stop working, it's a big problem! Houses won't get food, trash will pile up, and people will be confused without the letters.

The Transport Team also helps when it's very hot or very cold in the village. They bring cold drinks on hot days and warm things on cold days.

If one day, this team stops working, the village will be in trouble. That's like when our body's transport system doesn't work. Things go wrong, and the village (our body) can get sick.

So, the Transport Team in our body is always busy, making sure everything is good. Without them, our village (body) would not be a nice place to live!

మన తెలుగులో  
మీ శరీరం ఒక పెద్ద గ్రామం లాంటిదని ఊహించుకోండి. ఈ గ్రామంలో రవాణా బృందం అనే ప్రత్యేక బృందం ఉంది. వారి పని చాలా ముఖ్యమైనది. వారు డెలివరీ వ్యక్తులు వలె ఆహారం, గాలి మరియు ప్రత్యేక సందేశాలను ఒక ప్రదేశం నుండి మరొక ప్రదేశానికి తీసుకువెళతారు.

ఈ డెలివరీ వ్యక్తులు పొలం (మీ కడుపు) నుండి గ్రామంలోని అన్ని ఇళ్లకు (కణాలు) ఆహారాన్ని తీసుకువెళతారు. అలాగే ఇండ్ల నుంచి చెత్తను (వ్యర్థాలు) ఏరి పారేస్తున్నారు. గ్రామంలోని ప్రజలకు ఏమి చేయాలో చెప్పే ముఖ్యమైన లేఖలు (హార్మోన్లు) కూడా వారు తీసుకువెళతారు.

ఈ రవాణా బృందం గ్రామాన్ని బాగా నడుపుతోంది. అవి పనిచేయడం మానేస్తే పెద్ద సమస్య! ఇళ్లకు ఆహారం దొరకదు, చెత్త పేరుకుపోతుంది మరియు అక్షరాలు లేకుండా ప్రజలు గందరగోళానికి గురవుతారు.

గ్రామంలో చాలా వేడిగా లేదా చల్లగా ఉన్నప్పుడు రవాణా బృందం కూడా సహాయం చేస్తుంది. వారు వేడి రోజులలో శీతల పానీయాలు మరియు చల్లని రోజుల్లో వెచ్చని వస్తువులను తీసుకువస్తారు.

ఏదో ఒక రోజు ఈ టీమ్ పని చేయడం మానేస్తే గ్రామం కష్టాల్లో కూరుకుపోతుంది. అంటే మన శరీరంలోని రవాణా వ్యవస్థ పని చేయనట్లే. విషయాలు తప్పు, మరియు గ్రామం (మన శరీరం) అనారోగ్యం పొందవచ్చు.

కాబట్టి, మన శరీరంలోని రవాణా బృందం ఎల్లప్పుడూ బిజీగా ఉంటుంది, ప్రతిదీ మంచిదని నిర్ధారించుకోండి. అవి లేకుంటే మా ఊరు (శరీరం) నివసించడానికి మంచి ప్రదేశం కాదు!

4 thoughts on “10 Most Important FAQ’s of Class 10th Biology Chapter 1”

Leave a Comment