5 Most VSAQ’s of Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy Chapter in Inter 2nd Year Political Science (TS/AP)

2 Marks

VSAQ-1 : Gandhian ideas in Directive Principles (OR) Gandhian Principles

Mahatma Gandhi’s ideas significantly influenced the incorporation of Gandhian principles into the Directive Principles of State Policy within the Indian Constitution. These principles encompassed various aspects, including cottage industries, decentralization of power, agrarian reforms, environmental protection, universal education, and prohibition of alcohol. The key essence of Gandhian thought was to emphasize the role of the government in promoting the welfare and empowerment of the society while maintaining responsibility towards the people’s well-being.


VSAQ-2 : Socialistic Principles in Directive principles (OR) Socialistic principles.

The Directive Principles of State Policy in the Indian Constitution incorporate socialistic principles that aim to establish a just and equitable society. These principles include economic equality, redistribution of wealth and resources, equal pay for equal work, workers’ participation in management, and the provision of social and economic justice. The focus is on reducing economic disparities, ensuring fair labor practices, and promoting the welfare of marginalized sections of society. These principles guide the government’s policies and actions to create a more egalitarian and inclusive society.


VSAQ-3 : Any four fundamental duties.

The Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution are a set of moral and civic obligations for citizens. Four of these duties are:

  1. Respect for the Constitution and National Symbols: Citizens must respect the Constitution, national flag, and anthem.
  2. Promotion of Harmony: Citizens should work towards fostering harmony among people of diverse backgrounds.
  3. Protecting Natural Environment: Citizens are duty-bound to protect and improve the environment.
  4. Safeguarding Public Property: It is the duty of citizens to protect public property from damage.

VSAQ-4 : Article 19.

Article 19 of the Indian Constitution guarantees various freedoms to citizens. It includes the following important keywords:

  1. Freedom of Speech and Expression: Citizens have the right to freely express their thoughts and opinions.
  2. Freedom to Assemble Peacefully: People can gather peacefully for various purposes without arms.
  3. Freedom to Form Associations or Unions: Citizens can form associations, unions, or organizations.
  4. Freedom to Move Freely: Individuals have the right to move freely throughout the territory of India.
  5. Freedom to Reside and Settle: Citizens can reside and settle in any part of the country.

VSAQ-5 : Any two differences between Fundamental rights and directive principles.

Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy are two important components of the Indian Constitution. Here are two key differences between them:

  1. Enforceability:
    • Fundamental Rights: Fundamental Rights are justiciable, which means they are legally enforceable by individuals. If a person’s Fundamental Rights are violated, they can directly approach the courts for remedies, and the courts can issue writs to protect these rights.
    • Directive Principles: Directive Principles are non-justiciable, which means they are not legally enforceable by individuals in a court of law. While they provide guidance to the government, individuals cannot directly enforce them through legal action.
  2. Nature:
    • Fundamental Rights: These rights are individual-centric and aim to protect the fundamental liberties and freedoms of individual citizens. They are essential for upholding the concept of personal liberty, equality, and justice.
    • Directive Principles: Directive Principles are state-centric and provide guidelines to the government on how to create a just and equitable society. They emphasize the government’s responsibilities and duties towards the welfare of the people and the establishment of a welfare state.