6 Most VSAQ’s of Democracy Chapter in Inter 1st Year Political Science (TS/AP)

2 Marks

VSAQ-1 : Define Democracy. (OR) What is meant by Democracy? (OR) What is meant by democracy? Write two definitions. (OR) Write any two definitions of democracy.

  1. Democracy is a system of government where authority is vested in the hands of the people. It is often described as a government “of the people, by the people, and for the people,” as eloquently expressed by Abraham Lincoln.
  2. According to Maciver, democracy is a method for determining both the composition of the government and the way it will be organized. It requires active citizen participation in decision-making and the election of representatives.

VSAQ-2 : What is indirect democracy? (OR) What is representative democracy?

Indirect democracy, also termed representative democracy, is a governmental system in which elected representatives are entrusted with the authority to make decisions and pass laws on behalf of the people. These representatives are elected through fair and open elections and are accountable for representing the concerns and interests of their constituents in the legislative process.

VSAQ-3 : What do you know about direct democracy? (OR) What is direct democracy?

Direct democracy is a governmental system where citizens directly engage in the decision-making process of public affairs. Instead of relying on elected representatives, individuals themselves vote on legislation, policies, and significant issues. This approach offers citizens a more immediate and hands-on role in shaping their nation or community’s governance. It is frequently observed in smaller communities or through nationwide referendums.

VSAQ-4 : What is recall? (OR) What is mean by recall?

Recall is a democratic mechanism that grants voters the authority to oust an elected official from their position prior to the end of their term. If a substantial portion of the electorate expresses discontent with the representative’s performance or behavior, a recall election is initiated. Should the majority of voters endorse the recall, the representative is removed from office, necessitating a subsequent election to select a replacement. This process serves as a means for citizens to enforce accountability among their elected representatives and enhances their capacity to address the populace’s demands and grievances.

VSAQ-5 : What is public opinion?

Public opinion encompasses the collective viewpoints, beliefs, and attitudes of the general public regarding a range of political, social, and cultural topics. It signifies the dominant sentiment within the population concerning matters like government policies, public figures, social issues, and other subjects of public significance. Media, education, and social interactions often shape public opinion, and it holds significant sway over the decisions and actions of governments, organizations, and leaders. In democratic societies, it serves as a crucial element, aiding in the crafting of policies and governance that align with the interests and preferences of the populace.

VSAQ-6 : What is Referendum?

A referendum is a democratic procedure in which the general populace is invited to vote on a specific issue or proposed legislation. This mechanism enables direct citizen involvement in the decision-making process by providing them with the opportunity to express their opinions and choices regarding particular matters. Referendums are utilized to ascertain public endorsement or rejection of significant policies, constitutional modifications, or substantial legislative alterations. They serve as a mechanism for the government to assess public sentiment on pivotal issues and to guarantee that decisions are taken with the consent of the populace.