14 Most VSAQ’s of World Between the World Wars Chapter in Class 10th Social (TS/AP)

2 Marks

VSAQ-1 : Who are Bolsheviks?

The Bolsheviks were a faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. They were led by Vladimir Lenin and were known for their revolutionary stance and their role in the Russian Revolution of 1917.


  1. UNICEF: United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund.
  2. UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

VSAQ-3 : What are the major powers involved in the world war – II?

Major Powers in World War II

  1. Axis Powers:
    • Germany
    • Italy
    • Japan
  2. Allied Powers:
    • Britain
    • France
    • United States
    • Soviet Union (U.S.S.R)

VSAQ-4 : What are the three R’s introduced by Franklin Roosevelt in USSR?

These were part of his New Deal policies in the United States, not in the USSR:

  1. Relief: Providing immediate assistance to those suffering from the effects of the Great Depression.
  2. Recovery: Initiating programs to stimulate economic recovery and end the depression.
  3. Reform: Implementing long-term changes to prevent future economic crises.

VSAQ-5 : What is meant by October Socialist Revolution?

The October Socialist Revolution, also known as the Bolshevik Revolution, took place in October 1917 (Julian calendar; November 1917 in the Gregorian calendar) in Russia.

  1. It led to the overthrow of the Provisional Government.
  2. It established the Bolshevik government, led by the Communist Party under Vladimir Lenin.

The revolution marked a turning point in Russian history, leading to:

  1. The establishment of a socialist government.
  2. The withdrawal from World War I.
  3. Significant social and economic changes in the country.

The revolution ultimately resulted in the creation of the Soviet Union in 1922.

VSAQ-6 : What was the ‘New Deal’?

The New Deal was a series of economic programs and policies introduced by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the United States during the 1930s, in response to the Great Depression.

  1. The New Deal aimed to provide relief, recovery, and reform to address the economic challenges of the time.
  2. It included various measures such as public works projects, financial reforms, regulations for banks and stock markets, and social welfare programs.
  3. The New Deal aimed to stimulate economic growth, create jobs, and improve the overall well-being of the American people.

VSAQ-7 : Which countries got freedom after Second World war.

After the Second World War, several countries achieved their independence from colonial rule. Notable countries include:

  1. India
  2. China
  3. Indonesia
  4. Vietnam
  5. Egypt
  6. Nigeria

VSAQ-8 : In which year did British women get Right to vote?

British Women’s Right to Vote

  1. Year of Granting Voting Rights: British women gained the right to vote in stages.
  2. 1918: The Representation of the People Act in 1918 granted the right to vote to women over the age of 30 who met certain property qualifications.
  3. 1928: It wasn’t until the Representation of the People (Equal Franchise) Act in 1928 that women were granted voting rights on the same terms as men, allowing women over the age of 21 to vote.

VSAQ-9 : Write two reasons for the failure of League of Nations.

Reasons for the Failure of the League of Nations

  1. Lack of Enforcement: The League lacked its own military force, making it unable to enforce decisions against aggressive nations.
  2. Absence of Major Powers: Major countries like the US, USSR, and Germany were not part of the League, weakening its influence.
  3. Self-Interest: Some member nations prioritized their interests over the League’s principles.
  4. Ineffectiveness: The League couldn’t effectively address disarmament and economic issues, eroding its credibility.
  5. Weak Structure: Decision-making and unanimous voting processes hindered quick action.
  6. Aggressive Nationalism: Leaders in some countries disregarded the League’s authority.
  7. Economic Factors: The global depression of the 1930s added to the League’s decline.

VSAQ-10 : Who were the members of Triple Entente?

The Triple Entente consisted of:

  1. Russia
  2. France
  3. United Kingdom

VSAQ-11 : What is Marshall plan?

The Marshall Plan was a U.S. program designed to aid in the economic recovery of war-torn Europe, providing financial assistance to rebuild the economies of various European countries after World War II.

VSAQ-12 : Observe the given table and answer the questions 1 and 2.

Annual Expenditure on National Defence Million Dollars.

1.Which country’s annual growth of national defence expenditure is more?

2.Write any two reasons for the increase of defence expenditure in Britain and Germany.

Country Year1935193619371939

Reasons for the increase of defense expenditure in Britain and Germany:

  1. Rivalry and Competition:
    • Britain and Germany were rival countries with political and military tensions.
    • This rivalry led to an arms race, where both countries sought to outdo each other in building up their military capabilities.
  2. Militarization and Preparation for War:
    • The increase in defense expenditure was influenced by the preparation for an imminent conflict.
    • As tensions escalated in Europe, both countries felt the need to strengthen their armed forces and equipment in anticipation of potential warfare.

VSAQ-13 : What was the purpose of the Enabling Act?

The Enabling Act, passed on March 3, 1933, aimed to achieve the following objectives

  1. Establish Dictatorship:
    • The Enabling Act was instrumental in establishing a dictatorship in Germany.
  2. Consolidate Power:
    • The Act granted Adolf Hitler and his government the authority to enact laws without the Reichstag’s consent, essentially sidelining the parliamentary process.
  3. Suppress Opposition:
    • The Act resulted in the suppression of political opposition, as political parties and trade unions other than the Nazis were banned or disbanded.
  4. Centralize Control:
    • The Act allowed the state to centralize control over various aspects of society, including the economy, military, judiciary, and media.
  5. Strengthen Nazi Rule:
    • By concentrating power in the hands of the Nazi regime, the Enabling Act solidified the Nazi Party’s dominance and enabled them to implement their agenda without hindrance.

VSAQ-14 : What is the immediate cause of World War – II? (OR) What was the immediate cause for the Second World War?

The immediate cause for the Second World War was Germany’s invasion of Poland.