12 Most VSAQ’s of India Relief Features Chapter in Class 10th Social (TS/AP)

2 Marks

VSAQ-1 : Define G.M.T.

Definition of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)

  1. GMT stands for Greenwich Mean Time. It is a time standard that refers to the mean solar time at the Prime Meridian, passing through Greenwich, near London.
  2. GMT serves as the starting point for time zones around the world and is commonly used for coordinating time differences between different regions.
  3. It is represented in a 24-hour clock format and is not affected by daylight saving time changes.

VSAQ-2 : What is Terai?

Understanding the Terai Region

  1. Terai is a low-lying region located in Nepal and northern India, at the foothills of the Himalayas.
  2. This region is distinguished by its flat and fertile plains, created by sediment deposition from rivers originating in the mountains.
  3. Terai is notable for its rich biodiversity, being a habitat for various wildlife species.
  4. It is a key area for agriculture, vital for cultivating crops like rice, wheat, and sugarcane.
  5. The region is also recognized for its forests and wildlife reserves, contributing significantly to the ecological diversity of the area.

VSAQ-3 : How are the Narkondam and Barren islands formed?

Formation of Narcondam and Barren Islands

  1. Narcondam and Barren Islands are both volcanic islands, formed as a result of volcanic activity.
  2. During a volcanic eruption, magma, ash, and gases are released from beneath the Earth’s surface.
  3. The accumulation and cooling of this material leads to the formation of a volcanic island.
  4. Over time, continued volcanic activity may cause the island to grow and change in size and shape.
  5. Both Narcondam and Barren Islands are examples of volcanic formations in the Andaman Sea region of India.

VSAQ-4 : Mention any one difference between the physical features of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Lakshadweep.

Origin of Islands:

  1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands: The Narkondam and Barren islands in this region are of volcanic origin.
  2. Lakshadweep Islands: These islands are of coral origin.

VSAQ-5 : What is ‘Doab’?

  1. A “Doab” is a term used to describe a fertile land region located between two rivers.
  2. Examples include the Punjab Doab, situated between the Ganges and Yamuna rivers, and the Sind Sagar Doab, located between the Indus and Jhelum rivers.

VSAQ-6 : Name the tributaries of River Indus.

The Indus River has five main tributaries: the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej.

VSAQ-7 : Which river flows through Thar desert?

  1. The Luni River is the only river that flows through the Thar Desert.
  2. It is a seasonal river, and its drainage joins various lakes but does not meet the sea.

VSAQ-8 : Name the longest canal in the country

  1. The Indira Gandhi Canal is the longest canal in the country, extending over 650 km.
  2. It flows through Rajasthan and is instrumental in irrigating and cultivating a significant portion of the desert land in the region.

VSAQ-9 : What is Bhabar?

  1. Bhabar is a porous region situated along the foothills of the Shivalik Range in the Himalayas.
  2. This region has a width of approximately 8 to 16 kilometers.
  3. Rivers flowing from the Himalayas deposit pebbles, sediments, and gravels in this area, forming a belt of porous land known as Bhabar.

VSAQ-10 : What is the highest peak in Nilgiri hills?

The highest peak in the Nilgiri Hills is Dodabetta, with an elevation of 2637 meters (8,652 feet).

VSAQ-11 : What is the highest peak in South India?

  1. Anaimudi, standing at an elevation of 2695 meters (8,842 feet), is the highest peak in South India.
  2. It is situated in the Annamalai Hills of Kerala.

VSAQ-12 : Mention any two differences between the Western and Eastern Ghats.

Differences Between Western and Eastern Ghats

  1. Location in Relation to Coastal Plains:
    • Western Ghats run parallel to the western coastal plains of India.
    • Eastern Ghats run parallel to the eastern coastal plains of India.
  2. Proximity to Seas:
    • Western Ghats are closer to the Arabian Sea.
    • Eastern Ghats are closer to the Bay of Bengal.