11 Most VSAQ’s of National Movement in India-Partition and Independence : 1939 – 1947 Chapter in Class 10th Social (TS/AP)

2 Marks

VSAQ-1 : What do you mean by Tebhaga movement? Who led the movement?

The Tebhaga Movement was a peasant movement in Bengal, India during the late 1940s. It aimed to secure two-thirds of the crop for sharecroppers, an increase from the half they were receiving.

VSAQ-2 : Write some suggestions to improve the standard of living of the tribals and poor peasants.

  1. Access to Education and Healthcare: Enhance access to quality education and healthcare services.
  2. Skill Development Programs: Implement skill development programs to enable sustainable livelihoods.
  3. Fair Wages and Agricultural Resources: Ensure fair wages for labor and access to agricultural resources.
  4. Awareness of Welfare Schemes: Create awareness about government welfare schemes and ensure proper implementation.
  5. Community Initiatives: Promote community-based initiatives for water, sanitation, and hygiene.
  6. Rural Infrastructure: Establish rural infrastructure for better connectivity and access to markets.
  7. Land and Resource Rights: Provide legal support to secure land and resource rights for tribals.
  8. Self-Help Groups and Cooperatives: Encourage self-help groups and cooperatives for economic empowerment.
  9. Addressing Social Discrimination: Address social discrimination and provide avenues for political representation.
  10. Sustainable Agriculture: Foster sustainable agricultural practices and diversification to ensure food security.

VSAQ-3 : Write about Divide and Rule policy of the British in India.

The “Divide and Rule” policy was a British strategy in colonial India that aimed to maintain control by exploiting religious, social, and cultural differences among the Indian population. It sought to prevent a unified resistance against British rule and accentuated tensions between Hindus and Muslims, eventually leading to the partition of India in 1947. This policy was a deliberate attempt to weaken any united opposition to British colonialism.

VSAQ-4 : What is meant by ‘Pakistan’ Resolution?

The “Pakistan Resolution” was adopted on March 23, 1940, by the All-India Muslim League in Lahore. It called for independent Muslim states in regions where they were the majority. Although not using the term “Pakistan,” it laid the groundwork for the eventual creation of Pakistan in 1947, marking a significant milestone in history.

VSAQ-5 : Which day was referred as “Direct Action Day”?

On August 16, 1946, the All-India Muslim League, led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, called for “Direct Action Day” to demand a separate Muslim state in British India. This event triggered widespread communal violence between Hindus and Muslims, particularly in Calcutta (now Kolkata), resulting in significant loss of lives and property.

VSAQ-6 : Why were the separate electorates for Muslims implemented since 1909?

In 1909, the Morley-Minto Reforms introduced separate electorates for Muslims in India. This was a response to concerns raised by Muslim leaders who sought to protect the political representation and interests of the Muslim community.

The primary reasons for implementing separate electorates were:

  1. Muslim Leaders’ Concerns: Muslim leaders were apprehensive about safeguarding Muslim political interests in a predominantly Hindu-majority population.
  2. Dedicated Representation: Separate electorates allowed Muslims to vote exclusively for Muslim candidates, ensuring dedicated representation in legislative and administrative bodies.

VSAQ-7 : What is Privy – Purse?

The Privy Purse was an annual payment made by the Indian government to the erstwhile princely states’ rulers after the integration of those states into the Indian Union following India’s independence in 1947.

VSAQ-8 : Who wrote ‘Sare Jahan Se Achha Hindustan Hamara’?

The poem “Sare Jahan Se Achha” is credited to the renowned poet Allama Muhammad Iqbal. It is a celebrated patriotic Urdu poem that conveys a powerful message of unity and love for one’s country.

VSAQ-9 : What was the intention of the communist party of India for helping the Britain during the second world war?

  1. Initial Support: The Communist Party of India initially supported the British in World War II, considering it a global struggle against fascism and imperialism.
  2. Conditional Support: They expected political concessions from the British in exchange for their support.
  3. Disillusionment: When the British failed to fulfill promises, the party shifted to actively participating in the Quit India Movement, advocating for complete independence from British rule.

VSAQ-10 : Where were the independent government declared?

During the Quit India Movement of 1942, several independent governments were declared in different parts of India.

  1. Declaration Locations: These governments were declared by the Indian National Congress and other nationalist groups and were primarily symbolic. They aimed to assert India’s independence from British rule.
  2. Regions of Establishment: These independent governments were established in regions such as Satara in the west and Tamluk in the east.
  3. Short-lived Existence: Unfortunately, these independent governments had a short-lived existence due to the strong repression by British authorities.

VSAQ-11 : Who coined the name Pakistan?

Choudhary Rahmat Ali coined the term “Pakistan” in the 1930s, representing a separate Muslim state in the Indian subcontinent. It’s formed from the initial letters of regions: Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir, Sindh, and Baluchistan.